Summary of the 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report
The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is an annually written report that studies the governments of countries around the world to measure their efforts in battling human trafficking. It analyzes the country’s laws against human trafficking and their law enforcement ability to apprehend and prosecute offenders of human trafficking. The goal of the report is to identify the successes in battling modern-day slavery, but also the challenges that still exist in nations around the world.
The report begins by explaining the global issue of human trafficking. It examines all the different forms of human-trafficking that exist today. It depicts how this crime brings physical and emotional harm to those enslaved, but also the damage it does to a nation’s economy. The report defines human trafficking as “the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.” The report lists all the different forms of human trafficking which are the following: sex trafficking, child sex trafficking, forced labor, domestic servitude, bonded/debt labor, forced child labor, recruitment and the use of child soldiers. All of these forms are considered human trafficking and they are extremely prevalent in many countries around the world.
The TIP Report provides a summary for 187 countries around the world. Each country is evaluated and a report is written concerning their current laws and regulations, recommendations on how they can and should improve, the prosecution that takes place against the offenders, the protection provided for the victims, and the preventive measures the country’s legislation puts into place. Based upon these factors and the principles given in the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA), the TIP Report ranks each country in either a Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 2 Watch List, or Tier 3. Tier 1 is a category for those countries who meet all the requirements of the TVPA. Tier 2 Countries are those nations who do not meet all the requirements of the TVPA, but who are taking considerable steps to implement those standards into their legislation. Tier 2 Watchlist countries are still in the Tier 2 category, but who are failing in their efforts to combat human trafficking in their country. Tier 3 countries are those who do not meet the TVPA requirements and who are not actively working towards the regulations of the TVPA.
Because of the TIP Report, nations around the world receive a wake-up call to the problem of modern-day slavery in their country. The countries are given recommendations by the US State Department on how to fight against this evil. This report has caused many countries to implement new standards into their legislation and has brought about reform to countries who have some of the highest human trafficking rates in the world.
US Department of State. “Trafficking in Persons Report.” US Department of State:
Diplomacy in Action. June 2017. Accessed September 29, 2017.